The first direction of the project is to lay a backbone fiber-optic cable between Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan through the seabed of the Caspian Sea. At the end of 2018, telecommunication operators AzerTelecom of Azerbaijan and Transtelecom and KazTransCom of Kazakhstan signed a Memorandum of Corporation to build a Trans Caspian Fiber Optic Cable Line ( TransCaspian Fiber Optic - TCFO) in order to form a digital telecommunication corridor between Europe and Asia. The three companies established a Consortium, formed a Joint Working Group and signed relevant documents in connection with laying of the Trans-Caspian Fiber Optic line with the total length of 380-400 km. The data transmission capacity of the backbone cable line will be at least 4-6 terabits / s. The cable line will be laid between Siyazan and Aktau geographical points.
The interstate agreement “On organization of activities by communication operators of Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan in relation to the joint construction, ownership and operation of fiber optic transmission lines along the bottom of the Caspian Sea on Azerbaijan-Kazakhstan route” was signed between Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan on March 19, 2019.
The agreement was approved by Azerbaijan on April 11. The interstate agreement was approved by Kazakh government on May 17, 2019. Also, the three companies signed a joint contract on the construction of backbone cable line in the beginning of 2019.
The official ceremony dedicated to the launch of works in Kazakhstan territory on the construction of Trans Caspian Fiber Optic ( TCFO) cable line through the bottom of the Caspian Sea between Azerbaijan and Kazakhstan was held on November 19, 2019, in Aktau. Prime Minister of Azerbaijan Republic Ali Asadov and Prime Minister of Republic of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin, other public officials, as well as the management of participating in the project telecom operators, attended the ceremony of launching the construction of the Trans Caspian Fiber Optic in Kazakhstan territory.
“McKinsey and Company”, “Detecon”, “Axiom”, “DLA Piper”, “PwC” and other international consulting and telco companies are involved in the project of strategic importance for both countries.